From The Martial Arts Encyclopedia



Bartitsu was a short-lived experiment in creating a mixed martial art system, notable because it was it was the first recorded MMA system to incorporate elements of Asian and European fighting styles. The art was founded in London, England in the year 1899.

Founder Edward William Barton-Wright was a railway surveyor and engineer who had spent several years working in Japan, where he also studied jujitsu and judo at three dojo: a Shinden-Fudo Ryu school in Kobe, a Tenjin-Shinyo Ryu school in Yokohama and at Jigoro Kano's Kodokan institute in Tokyo. Returning to London in 1898, he wrote a series of illustrated magazine articles promoting a "New Art of Self Defence" which he called Bartitsu, a portmanteau of his own name and of jujitsu...(read more)